Skip to main content

Eternal Recurrence and Noah's Deluge: A Platonic Perspective

Eternal Recurrence and Noah's Deluge: A Platonic Perspective
It is on two occasions , in his dialog The Laws and in Timaeus , Plato gave a hint towards an understanding of history as recurrence. And on both occasions a mention to the great deluge of Noah is also present.
The Idea of eternal recurrence in its current form is attributed to Nietzsche. According to this idea , everything , every moment will recur eternally, so what one is doing now , he is likely to do it again and again eternally. The same life will repeat itself after death and nothing will change, everything will happen in the same manner and order.
It is strange that Plato also had a similar idea of history and the emergence of human civilization. In his Laws, Plato answers the question about the beginning of the city states. He says that city states don't come into being from nothing , they always already exist.
The reason is that the earth has seen a lots of disasters, in the forms of deluge , earthquakes and heavenly catastrophe. A mention of a heavenly catastrophe can be found in Timaeus. This catastrophe took the shape of a myth according to which the Sun god Apollo lost the control of his chariot and burnt everything in the way creating a great havoc both in the heavens and on the earth. An Egyptian old man was reported saying this that later on this incident was converted into a myth but it was an actual incident, a catastrophe that devastated the whole civilization.
In the Laws and also in Timaeus , there is a mention of the great deluge. It is the same biblical deluge of Noah, and in Plato it is reckoned as a cause behind the disappearance of Atlanta creating a great Mud accumulation in the Atlantic ocean. which kept this ocean practically impossible to navigate for thousands of years.
In the Laws , and also in the Timaeus it is emphasized that the last Deluge(Noah's) was not the only deluge. There had been innumerable such deluges in the past causing ruins to different civilizations. So, whenever a civilization is ruined because of a great deluge , writes Plato, its survivors are mostly those who live on mountains or somehow reach there.
These people live there for centuries and when their fears are alleviated they come down to re establish their states on the land. On the mountains they live a life of perfect goodness; for there they have everything in abundance, trees, animals, clothing, owing to the fact that only few families and people live their. Due to this super abundance they are like gifts to each other and they don't fight or quarrel with each other on any issues. There are no contentions there.
That is why , when they start their new dwellings on the land , they have to develop their laws ab initio, from the very beginning. However, they had some idea of city states and previously destroyed civilizations, for their elders have told them the stories of their ancestral places.
So, no state is established for the first time; all city states are revived , allowed to recur. This gives the idea that Plato also had a recurrence sort of view about the origins. Civilization dis not start from nowhere ; it already existed and then destroyed, and created again.
By: Khalid Jamil Rawat

Comments

Anonymous said…
[url=http://www.cheaptimberlandboot1973.com]cheap timberland boots[/url] nhiiks http://www.cheaptimberlandboot1973.com [url=http://www.cheaptimberlandbootssale.com]cheap timberland boots[/url] xpshnb http://www.cheaptimberlandbootssale.com [url=http://www.cheaptimberlandbootsmen.com]cheap timberland boots[/url] cdqdpx http://www.cheaptimberlandbootsmen.com [url=http://www.cheaptimberlandbootoutlet.com]timberland boots sale[/url] uefezc http://www.cheaptimberlandbootoutlet.com [url=http://www.saletimberlandboots.org]cheap timberland boots[/url] jmdyww http://www.saletimberlandboots.org d

Popular posts from this blog

Sheikh Chilli : A Person who Does not Understand the Law of Gravity

A Tale of Two Generations: A Story from the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization
Sheikh Chilli, a famous character among children in the subcontinent of India, is notorious for his follies and simplicity. One thing that people of the subcontinent always attribute to sheikh chilli is that he never cared about laws of nature. He built castles in the air and in his imagination established great businesses, empires, became a prince, married a princes-and in the end of the story the castle in the air vanished and Sheikh Chilli found him surrounded by the people laughing at him.
One day, Sheikh Chilli, needing a few logs of wood, went to the woods with an axe in his hand, along with his friends. He climbed a tree and sat on a bough. Looking at the tree and the woods he started fancying, as usual.  He closed his eyes and thought that he would cut a log from the tree and sell it in the market. In return he will earn some money and save it somewhere. He will work day and night and save some money…

IMAM GHAZALI: His General and Educational Philosophy

Introduction Imam Ghazali , the famous scholastic philosopher and thinker of the middle ages, was famous for his impact on Muslim intellectual history. Accordin to Allama Iqba, Islamic civilization saw three stages of development. The first stage was when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was alive and guiding the Muslim nation. This stage is termed as the age of faith, for believers had the source of truth, the prophet himself, with them, and the only thing required from them was to have faith in whatever prophet used to tell them. Thus, Hazrat Abu bakr, was given the title of Siddique , for he attested Prophet’s journey to heavens or Mairaj , without any hesitation or delay. This kind of attitude was required from the believers when prophet (PBUH) was alive. That is why this age is called the age of faith. The second era started after Prophet (PBUH) was not among the Muslims. During this period Ummah or the Muslim community had to think and decide about the religious matters in the light of the…

Kashmiri Sapphire: A gem of gems

Kashmiri Sapphire: A gem of gems
A Tale of Two Generations: A Story from the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization
People already know the story of the unfortunate gem called" Kohinoor" , whose story bears similarities with 
that of Helen of Troy, for whom Greeks sailed in thousand ships to sack the city of Troy. Kohinoor so much attracted the British crown that they captured India for it. Indian subcontinent is famous for its rich deposits of precious stones . From the early Vedic periods , gemology has remained a great important art to learn , and there are thousands of years old texts on this subject . Right from the beginning , three stones are ranked as the highest among the gems of the subcontinent; these are Ruby, Sapphire and Emerald. Out of these Ruby being affiliated with the Sun god, is considered as the most precious , and Sapphires come next. Kashmiri Sapphire, in the word of Keats,  is famous for its " sapphire regioned star" of five points, clearly visible . T…