Skip to main content

Corybantic Movements and Swings: A history of treating lunatics

Corybantic Movements and Swings: A history of treating lunatics

In the ancient and medieaval worlds lunatics were treated by a method that involved movement. In ancient Greece, in the temple of Corybentes, says Plato they used to give a treatment to the bacchic woman, whose state was, according Plato, a result of fear. That treatment involved movement, persistent involvement. Plato further writes that even infants are treated for their fear in this manner.

Plato recommends movement as a cure to fear!

But what is the relationship between fear and madness? May be fear and madness are not essentially related, but what is universally related to madness is a  lack of control over emotions and a wild and sometimes violent expression of emotions. It is severity of experession of the emotions that drives a person mad. And it is the capability of feeling and suffering an emotion with out a rational cause or trigger, that is called madness.

Madness is lack of reason, to an extent when a person falls into the pit of irrational fears and doubts. Madness is the lack of control over anger. Madness is the loss of one's sense of one's situation, it is the loss of spatio temporal understanding.

So, the cure of madness lies in keeping the emotions calm. Keeping the fear , anger and loath calm. And traditionally these wild passions of mad men were kept calm through engaging them in a perpetual motion.

Foucault in his madness and civilization writes about Fools' Ships. There were mad people on board those  ships, and such ships were sent to an eternal journey. The mad people were supposed to be moving for ever . For that movement was the only way to keep them calm and peaceful. Perpetual motion was the traditional way of treating madness!


Comments

Popular posts from this blog

IMAM GHAZALI: His General and Educational Philosophy

Introduction Imam Ghazali , the famous scholastic philosopher and thinker of the middle ages, was famous for his impact on Muslim intellectual history. Accordin to Allama Iqba, Islamic civilization saw three stages of development. The first stage was when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was alive and guiding the Muslim nation. This stage is termed as the age of faith, for believers had the source of truth, the prophet himself, with them, and the only thing required from them was to have faith in whatever prophet used to tell them. Thus, Hazrat Abu bakr, was given the title of Siddique , for he attested Prophet’s journey to heavens or Mairaj , without any hesitation or delay. This kind of attitude was required from the believers when prophet (PBUH) was alive. That is why this age is called the age of faith. The second era started after Prophet (PBUH) was not among the Muslims. During this period Ummah or the Muslim community had to think and decide about the religious matters in the light of the…

Sheikh Chilli : A Person who Does not Understand the Law of Gravity

A Tale of Two Generations: A Story from the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization
Sheikh Chilli, a famous character among children in the subcontinent of India, is notorious for his follies and simplicity. One thing that people of the subcontinent always attribute to sheikh chilli is that he never cared about laws of nature. He built castles in the air and in his imagination established great businesses, empires, became a prince, married a princes-and in the end of the story the castle in the air vanished and Sheikh Chilli found him surrounded by the people laughing at him.
One day, Sheikh Chilli, needing a few logs of wood, went to the woods with an axe in his hand, along with his friends. He climbed a tree and sat on a bough. Looking at the tree and the woods he started fancying, as usual.  He closed his eyes and thought that he would cut a log from the tree and sell it in the market. In return he will earn some money and save it somewhere. He will work day and night and save some money…

Kashmiri Sapphire: A gem of gems

Kashmiri Sapphire: A gem of gems
A Tale of Two Generations: A Story from the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization
People already know the story of the unfortunate gem called" Kohinoor" , whose story bears similarities with 
that of Helen of Troy, for whom Greeks sailed in thousand ships to sack the city of Troy. Kohinoor so much attracted the British crown that they captured India for it. Indian subcontinent is famous for its rich deposits of precious stones . From the early Vedic periods , gemology has remained a great important art to learn , and there are thousands of years old texts on this subject . Right from the beginning , three stones are ranked as the highest among the gems of the subcontinent; these are Ruby, Sapphire and Emerald. Out of these Ruby being affiliated with the Sun god, is considered as the most precious , and Sapphires come next. Kashmiri Sapphire, in the word of Keats,  is famous for its " sapphire regioned star" of five points, clearly visible . T…